The Liguasan of tomorrow

My article: “From terrorism to ecotourism” was published in Sun.Star Davao last February 17, 2019. Here is the link:

A screenshot as it appeared in the Sun.Star website.

I’m copying the full text here just to make sure that it stays online even when Sun.Star might choose to change its website in the future and access to archives becomes restricted.

I thank my wine buddy and wild bird photographer Martin Y. Pineda for sharing his bird photos with me. Big thanks too, to Lt. Col. Harold Cabunoc for sharing his battalion’s photos of the activity.

TWO PERSPECTIVES. A soldier holds his rifle all set to shoot at enemies while a birder shoots with his camera. Photo by PFC HENRICH BURATA/33IB

From terrorism to ecotourism

Group sees vast potential for birding, ecotourism in Liguasan Marsh

LIGUASAN MARSH, the country’s biggest marshland, is a 240,000-hectare complex network of river channels, freshwater lakes and ponds, and marshes interspersed with arable land that are mostly underwater. This can have as much as 140,000 hectares more land area during the dry season. It is more known as a terrorists’ lair; its complex landscape makes it ideal for terrorists who make an industry out of kidnap for ransom activities, the marsh an almost impenetrable fort.

But on February 9, 2019, a small group of birders accompanied by fully armed members of the 33rd Infantry Battalion of the Philippine Army with commanding officer Lt. Col. Harold M. Cabunoc and the Special Armed Force of the Philippine National Police on board several canoes experienced the vast potentials for an ecotourism destination.

“It was the most beautiful sunrise I have ever seen, that kind of sunrise which makes you want to embrace the whole world, thankful to be alive and thankful for the peace,” wrote Alex Tiongco of the Birders without Borders Philippines (BWB-Phils).

“Herons were just staring at us, obviously, no one hunts birds there,” Martin Y. Pineda, also of BWB-Phils., said. Fishes were jumping all over, he said, it is easier to fish than hunt.

If not for the difficulty to shoot while on a canoe, they would have come home with more beautiful photos.

“Water lilies were so huge, it felt like you’re in Jurassic Park,” Pineda said.

Other BWB-Phils members who were with the birding group were Maria Teresa Cervero and Ping Zerrudo. From the Wild Bird Club of the Philippines is Arnel Telesforo, while joining them from the Wild Bird Photographers of the Philippines were Juniel Buday and Jovic Ferrer.

FOR POSTERITY. Some of the soldiers and civilians who joined the tour.


Lt. Col. Cabunoc, who is behind the push to show the beauty of Liguasan, admits that the terrorists made him blind to Liguasan’s beauty when he was first assigned in the area as a young lieutenant in 1997.

In the 1990s, Liguasan was a major conflict area. Cabunoc’s first exposure at Liguasan was when his team was engaged in a gunbattle with the group of Kumander Adan in Reina Regente. He witnessed the burning waters of the marsh in Sultan sa Barongis, the peat there being so thick, it is a repository of natural gas. But he was not awed.

“My focus was on the enemy. I considered Liguasan as a tactical problem, I cannot attack the enemy because of it. It was only when I came back when I had the chance of seeing the beauty of Liguasan,” Cabunoc said in a telephone interview. Cabunoc was appointed a commanding officer of the 33rd IB on February 20, 2017 and will end his tour of duty on February 23, 2019.

BLACK-BACKED SWAMP HEN. The marsh was teeming with swamp hens of different colors.


His appreciation of the marsh came on June 1, 2018, when the 33rd IB engaged in a major offensive against the ISIS-inspired groups there, they were able to push the enemies deeper into the marsh.

“On the way back, after one of our resupplies late in the afternoon doon ko nakita ang mga exotic birds,” he said.

Having been assigned in Pampanga and explored the Candaba swamp, he is aware of birding and how this holds a vast potential for ecotourism.

“I have also been involved with social enterprises, that’s why I see this as a very high-impact livelihood and conservation project. Magiging advocates ang mga tao for environment protection because they have to protect the birds and they will appreciate the value of peace,” he said.

Emelie Jamorabon, Tacurong City tourism officer, sees this potential, too.

“Some of the birds like the comb-crested Jacana can only be found here. Foreign tourists would be very interested to see them personally,” she said.

COMB-CRESTED JACANA. They have a local name there: Papagangan.

The comb-crested Jacana has not been seen anywhere in the country for a long time now, but children of the marsh know its local name: Papagangan.

To earn a local name, this only means that the Jacana is a common species there.

S.K. Pendatun Mayor Bonnie T. Kali was among those who organized the birding tour, believing in its potentials and the beauty of the marshland.

But both Pineda and Tiongco admit they were very afraid. Being surrounded by fully armed men and setting off to the swamp on canoes before dawn did nothing to assuage their fears.

PURPLE HERON. While skittish in other places, herons in Liguasan ignore humans, a sign that bird hunting is unknown there.

As Tiongco wrote in his essay about the trip:

“I did not sleep that night. I did not toss and turn either… I just stayed still and worried until my body was stiff and as tense as a set bow string, quivering to release an arrow. I was totally numb from lack of movement. I worried for the two women in the trip – Marites and Ma’am Emelie, who were to suffer the most if we were to be attacked and captured, I worried for Martin and Ping, so young and with families and who still had so much to experience in this world, I worried for Arnel and all those who were to join the trip. I worried for the army, I worried for the world.”

It did not help that as they gathered for an orientation the day before, Cabunoc cheered them on saying, “Who dares wins!”

“Ninerbiyos ako,” Pineda said.

Cabunoc in his tour of duty was able to settle eight clan wars (rido) and facilitated the surrender of 38 members of the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters since May 2018. After the bird-watching tour that ended at around 9:30 a.m., one last feud was settled with a ceremonial signing of agreement and “kanduli at the plaza of S.K. Pendatun town. That too was just as stunning: To witness long years of grudge and killings settled by two heads of clans.

PACKED TIGHT. The marsh was packed with water lilies, it made navigation on canoes difficult. Who knows, like the lotus, Liguasan Marsh can emerge from the mud of conflict to become a pristine destination and a safe haven for its people.

The stigma of the conflicts of both past and present cannot easily be forgotten. But on that brief bird-watching tour, the residents too were made to see the birds they have long lived with as treasures they can conserve and preserve for the future. Like Col.Cabunoc who no longer sees Liguasan as a tactical problem, they too will see their homeland as a place to commune with nature and not as a hiding place for kidnap-for-ransom victims.


Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s