Category: Mindanao history

MindanaOnce

Here’s another article I wrote that was published in Sun.Star Davao.

http://www.sunstar.com.ph/davao/feature/2017/09/17/mindanaonce-564580

It’s a story about how things will fall into place like from some Divine hand when the intentions are pure.

I’m sharing here the full story and the photos of the photo-art exhibit we put up at Abreeza Ayala Mall in Davao City last September 14, 2017 and will run until October 18, 2017.

 

1IMG_7525
That’s us. You’ll read about us later. There’s Jon Traya, then there’s me, John Zeretzke, Amy Cabusao, and Kublai Millan.

MindanaOnce

Images seeking to gather and gathering people in peace

IT all started in September 2016 when John Zeretzke of the Flutes Across the World presented to me a CD containing 25 photos of Marawi and Sulu taken in the 1960s.

At that time, no one had an inkling that Marawi will be in ruins just eight months later.

From our dinner meeting, I brought John to meet my buddy, Mindanao artist Rey Mudjahid “Kublai” P. Millan, knowing that he would be the better person to whip out something from this precious collection of Marawi as a land of peace as taken by Italian American toy artist Frederick Richard “Fred” Marinello Jr. when he was a US Peace Corp Volunteer assigned in the Philippines, particularly Marawi, some areas of Lanao, Sulu, Basilan, Tawi-tawi, Aklan, and Leyte.

22Untitled-1.jpg
In the olden days, this would have been called a contact print. Now, it’s just thumbnails of some of Fred Marinello’s photos in the 1960s.

 

The exhibit entitled MindanaOnce (coined from the original concept of Once a Upon a Time in Mindanao) opened last September 14, 2017 at the ground floor of Abreeza Ayala Mall Davao with Davao City Mayor Sara Z. Duterte-Carpio, former peace panel member Irene M. Santiago, Davao City Councilor Al Ryan Alejandre, Atty. Amer Hussein Naga Mambuay, the new partner-in-charge of the Sycip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan Law Firm in Davao, a Maranao.

The exhibit will run until October 18, 2017.

How it came to be, four months after the Marawi siege is a story that is still unfolding.

The transmittal of the images through Internet and hand-carried by John took some time.

As Fred explained, he had hundreds and it takes time to scan through them. Then there is the Internet speed in the Philippines to contend with.

THE PHOTOS AND THEIR TAKING

All this time, the negatives and slides were stored in a cookie tin container in a closet at his parents’ house until he finally got his own house in Encinitas, California, USA, in 1970.

“They stayed in that tin until I retired and had time to scan them and the slides I had taken,” Fred wrote in an email.

Fred joined the Peace Corp in San Francisco, California on November 4, 1962. He prepared for his deployment to the Philippines in University of Hawaii from November 17, 1962 to January 15, 1963 which included English and science teaching for elementary schools in the Philippines, Philippine history and contemporary culture, linguistics, American Studies and World Affairs, health and medicla training including first aid and tropical medicine, physical education and recreation, and an intensive study of Tagalog.

Fred finally arrived in Manila on January 9, 1963 and was first assigned in Leyte.

22IMG_6141
The famous Maranao Torogan, the quintessential Maranao architecture. The structure at right reads: Maranao Hospital. Could this be the progenitor of the Amai Pakpak Medical Center? We ahven’t gone around asking yet.

He was invited to teach at Mindanao State University in September 1963 where he taught Philosophy and Aesthetics, taught English at a Prep School in Marawi City, and work for the Folk Art Museum.

“Started to collect info and folk art for the museum.  Had a Friday night cultural radio show on the school run station that features American Jazz, World Fold Music and the music of local musicians and festival groups with live and taped performances.   First time many locals heard their own music on the radio,” Fred said in his notes of his tour of Marawi.

“Mar 1965 – Made the trek overland with Tincal Salac, my Maranao housemate and guide, and Don Scott who also taught at MSU (he was an Ichthyolygist studying the rare fish found only in Lake Lanao – I went with Don on many trips  made to villages around the Lake – while he collected fish, I collected folk art)  from Marawi City to Davao to see some of the remote tribal groups we had heard about in our visit around Lake Lanao. The trip took about six days.  Spent about four days in Davao then flew back to Iligan City and then bus to Marawi City to finish up the school year,” he added.

22L2- FRED-MSUz
That’s Fred as a young man in Marawi.

He ended his Peace Corp service on May 21, 1965 and traveled with Scott to Sulu Archipelago where they caught a boat going from Bongao to Sabah and North Borneo on their journey across Asia, Europe, and back to the US.

THE ARTISTS

From the images, Kublai picked out eight that he fancied most, had these printed on canvas, and painted around them.

1IMG_7555

1IMG_7551
The original photos turned into an acrylic paintings were among the attractions of the exhibit.

Industrial designer Jonathan Traya made the eight plywood on metal totem poles and centerpiece metal sculpture entitled “Bankapayapaan”. The totem poles that carry the symbols of peace and Mindanao’s tri-people had tarpaulin prints of the photos tacked on them from top to bottom. The hundreds of giant prints were provided by Alex P. Montanez of APM Ads and Promo Management.

33IMG_7532.jpg
Jon’s Bangkapayapaan within the eight totems that carry the symbols of peace and Mindanao’s tri-people: Moro, Christians, and the indigenous peoples.

These were all out of the pocket expenses, which underlines how the tiny group managed to whip out the exhibit all because of a collective aspiration for peace in Marawi and Mindanao.

Kublai hopes that the exhibit will get the attention of all others who have images of Marawi before its destruction so that all these can be gathered to deliver the message of peace.

THE GUESTS

In her welcome message, Duterte-Carpio underlined the importance of images to preserve visions of the past, while Santiago recalled their work when the siege broke out, her years in Marawi in her youth, and her work for peace for Bangsamoro.

33IMG_7515
Our special guests are: Former government GRP-MILF peace panel member Irene M. Santiago, DAvao City Mayor SAra Z. Duterte-Carpio, Atty. Amer Hussein Mambuay, City Councilor Al Ryan Alejandre, and Bro. Karl M. Gaspar CSsR.

“It’s not easy, but it’s simple,” said Santiago about working for peace. It’s simple because all it takes is for people to work together as embodied in the exhibit where the surrounding community brings together people from the US, Marawi, then Davao, and hopefully will be on its way back to Marawi in the near future.

It was Bro. Karl M. Gaspar CSsR, who  put into context the collective efforts to bring together an exhibit of images and artworks of a peaceful Moroland to today’s struggle for peace and how important it is for everyone to contribute and to aspire for this in their actions and aspirations, while tacing back how the Maranaos developed an artistry that has become the Mindanao and Philippine icons.

“Unlike the Maguindanao with the vast plains and the Tausugs and the mighty seas around them,  the only place that the Maranaos have is the lake and the places around the lake, which did not provide them enough for food production, which is why the Maranaos for hundreds of years developed the art of weaving, carving, and making all kinds of artistic products because that is their way of earning a livelihood which they traded with their neighbors, which eventually also led to this level of artistry that we Filipinos and not just Maranaos are very proud of,” Bro Karl said.

It was Bro Karl, too, who called on artists and artisans to carry on the work of peace-building, pointing out the arts role in delivering the message to a broader audience.

“That is why peace has to return if only to bring back and encourage the Maranaos to go back to all of these works because they do manifest to us what is good, what is true and what is beautiful of humanity,” he said.

CONNECT TO THE PAST

But it was Atty. Amer who added the mystical touch to the exhibit as he recalled his parents telling him that before he was born, they hosted an American who took many photographs of the lake and its people.

33IMG_7511
Atty. Amer with the artists Kublai and Jon.

Atty. Amer was not part of the conceptualization of the exhibit and only knew about and got invited to the opening by his fraternity brother Kublai, two days before the opening.

Based in Manila working for Sycip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan Law Firm and teaching at the University of the Philippines College of Law, he was informed two weeks ago that he was being assigned as partner-in-charge of the law firm branch in Davao City. That was why he contacted is fraternity brother for a meet-up and catch-up two days before the opening date.

Atty. Amer did recognize one of the photos as his aunt and is looking forward to looking through the other photos on file to re-connect with his roots.

Meanwhile, in the US, Fred acknowledged that a couple did bring him around the lake areas and he is forever grateful for their help.

“I hope that this exhibit shows what was, a memory for reflection, and inspiration for the creation of the next model of Mindanao,” he wrote.

22IMG_6183
Atty. Amer recognized this Langkit weaver as his aunt.

The other unseen hands that helped bring about this exhibit that is envisioned to be a traveling one are the Abreeza Mall that took care of the logistics and opening cocktails, Rotary Club of Pagasa Davao and the Seeds of Dignity Ministry that brought the Flutes of the World to Davao City, the Davao School for the Blind, The Philharmonic Society of Orange Country California, Sta. Clarita Performing Arts Center of California, and Philharmonic of Huntington Harbor California.

33IMG_7504
The musicians from the Davao School for the Blind performing during the opening.

 

 

Finally, Mindanao Muslim History

IMG_4372[1]

Brother Karl M. Gaspar, CSsR, in his foreword for the book, “Mindanao Muslim History”, that was launched at the Ateneo de Davao University Finster Auditorium Wednesday night, wrote:

“For in the words of the poet-philosopher George Santayana — ‘Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.’ Indeed, how can we even remember the past, if we have not heard or learned about what the past in Mindanao was?”

This is the crux of all this talk about historical injustices, neglect, diregard, and everything else in between that has made Filipinos in general look down on Mindanao and Mindanaoans as if the island group remains in the prehistoric times and the people are not worthy of their company; worse, not worthy of crafting their own peace and development.

What made the booklaunch different from all other booklaunch so far is that it was held at night, after the breaking of the fast. After all, we are well into the Ramadan season. Ramadan started last May 26, 2017, a Friday. The book launching came the week after, on June 1.

There were two things launched that night, by the way. The first was the Mindanao-Sulu Timeline by the Mindanao Peace and Education History Project of the Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines, in partnership with the World Bank. The timeline, aimed to support the peace process highlights covering Political, Cultural, Economic and Ecological strands in history that provide a multi-dimensional context for understanding that the “Legitimate grievances of the Bangsamoro people, historical injustice, human rights violations, and marginalization through land dispossession” are “the consequences of three mutually reinforcing phenomena: deep neglect by the State (and lack of a vision for the common good), violence (including systematic socioeconomic, political and cultural exclusion, and disproportionate use of direct violence), supported by a deeply embedded (nationwide culture and practice of) impunity”, the root cause of which “lies in the imposition of a monolithic Filipino identity and Philippine State by force on multiple ethnic groups in Mindanao and Sulu that saw themselves as already preexisting nations and nation-states”, as the Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Commission (TJRC) says.

timeline

It starts from the Upper Cretacious Period somewhere between 145- to 65-million years ago to 320 AD during which the balangays of Butuan were said to have been sailing for global trade, off to April 21, 900, the date indicated in te Laguna Copperplate granting perpetial pardon to a certain Lord Namwaan and his descendants by Lord Minister of Dewata (now Butuan), the Islmization of Mindanao starting year 1200 until 2016.

It being Ramadhan, after dinner and the timeline launching it was time to take a break for Tarawee or Tarawih prayer. As defined, Tarawih (Arabic: تراويح‎‎) refers to extra prayers performed by Sunni Muslims at night in the month of Ramadhan. The break took some 20 minutes as the Muslims in the audience went to Rooms 711 and 712 for their prayer.

After that, the book launching.

2IMG_4375
The book editors on stage to be recognized.

The book, published by Ateneo de Davao University was welcomed by all, academic community, clergy, and private sector alike considering that you can hardly access historical documents of Muslim Mindanao that date back from the time the Spaniards came.

Here at last, in one book, and in one timeline evidence that yes, Mindanao was an autonomous and burgeoning trade center long before the Spaniards came and relegated it to the back burner.

 

2IMG_4376
The launch had a distinguished list of guests including Archbishop Fernando Capalla, shown in photo, Addu President Joel Tabora, Bangsamoro Transition Commissioner Mussolini Lidasan, and Department of Education 12 OIC Evelyn Rivamonte Fetalver, among many others.

Copies of the book are available at the Ateneo de Davao University Publications Office for only Php350.00 at the 8th Floor Community Center of the First Companions, Ateneo de Davao University, Roxas Avenue, Davao City. Landline is (082) 221-24-11 local 8213 and email is publications@addu.edu.ph.